James Webb Telescope 2021 Update

The James Webb telescope is a hopeful key in unlocking the mystery and changing humankind’s
understanding of what’s beyond our Earth forever. The Hubble telescope proceeded James Webb launching in 1990 James Webb cost an astronomical $10 billion to build.

Picture courtesy of NASA

It is predicted that we are given glimpses into the past of around 13 ½ billion years by using infrared light to
measure and study galaxies within galaxies per se. The quality of the satellite images is not just dependent on
technology inside the telescope, but also the size of its mirrors as they determine just how much detail the
satellite can see in. James Webb weighs 6 tons with a massive 21-foot mirror altogether. A small team has
resumed small portions of operations due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Webb can find and measure baby
galaxies, which will hopefully give scientists a galaxy map with the level of detail that has never been seen

This massive project was started in the hopes of studying the origins of our universe. Using infrared
technology and the light collected from years, for example, may give a status such as when the star began,
and why it became the size it is in so much more detail than ever thought possible.

With the telescope’s technology in the palm of our hand, we will now be able to see stars that may be billions
of years old. The future of space study has never looked brighter. It is believed that this project will enhance
astronomy to new heights. To learn more about James Webb or other space missions, please visit The NASA
or our blog section at Lenox Laser May the reach of humankind never be stopped by the boundaries of space.

Lenox Laser’s 2019 Year in Review

For decades, Lenox Laser has been a part of many impressive achievements. While past achievements included things such as helping with the James Webb Telescope, Lenox Laser has worked with many in the pharmaceutical industry in 2019. As with every project, we aim to produce the best results while also expand the industry’s boundaries.

Lenox Laser also plays a role in the pharmaceutical industry, in 2019, we attended several conferences held by the Parental Drug Association (PDA). It was here that Lenox Laser had the honor to give lectures and demonstrations of what we’re able to bring to the table. Lenox Laser personnel also attended the PDA Europe conference in October 2019 in Gothenburg. At this event, Senior Engineer Greg Solyar gave a talk entitled “Producing a Calibrated Leak Standard with Laser-Assisted Technology”, where he talked about Container Closure Integrity Testing (CCIT) in the pharmaceutical industry. Further details on that lecture can be found here.

Lenox Laser also took part in the PDA-sponsored Interphex conference in New York. It also happened to be the 40-year celebration of the conference, and it was attended by over 600 suppliers and 80 exhibitors. Among the topics discussed were things like gene therapy techniques, pharmaceuticals, packaging techniques for medicine, and much more.

Lenox Laser is proud and excited about all that has been achieved, and we cannot wait to continue to bring innovation for years to come. To learn more about us and to read more about any of these events mentioned, visit our blog.

Paul Johnson: Frozen Moments

Photography is the art of timing and anticipation: To capture those timeless moments in sports, for example, one must know what the situation is, where the players are, even the how the background will look like. Photographers, however, must watch where the action is heading. It could be the difference between a shot where the athlete has their back turned – leaving the photographer with nothing to capture, or it could the stunning photo of two players fighting the air as both are competing for the ball in the back of the endzone. Despite the difficulty and the skills required to capture these moments, Paul Johnson felt he had achieved this level and has produced some amazing and intricate photos of his son and daughter playing their respective sports. At Lenox Laser’s 3rd Light Seminar, he reflects his photography experience.

Youth American Football Players

One of the things that Paul Johnson finds helpful for a photographer is that if you had a Digital SLR (DSLR) camera, not only can you shoot images one after another in rapid succession, but that the images right there for you on the screen instantly. Also, he found that for the greatest photos come from catching little moments such as a friendly hug or high-five and stated that if you missed those moments, to him he wasn’t doing his job in capturing emotional impact. To do his job effectively, he had to know the game he was watching and where the action would most likely take place. For example, teams in youth American football camps during the summer often would run the same offense – run the ball to the outside of the defense. There, Paul could set up his camera on the outside of those plays and capture the magic. Whether it be high school basketball or Little League baseball, Paul Johnson covered all through the years in the world of sports. From touchdowns to the game-winning home runs Paul found each moment special because those moments could be something that someone or some family can cherish forever.

Capturing a great photo can mean the world to anyone, and Paul Johnson’s work is no exception to that. May everyone in the world use photography to capture memories that they love and cherish. To read his speech, please visit the 3rd Light Seminar on IIOptics, and to learn about how to up your photography game, please visit the Daystar website. Furthermore, to learn more about Paul Johnson and his business, please visit Paul Johnson’s website.

James Webb Telescope Launch Update

Space — both infinite and unknown — is the last frontier for mankind. From the earliest day of humans, we have dreamed of what is lost in the array of stars; soon the James Webb telescope will provide more information on our quest to map the celestial bodies. With the launch of such a device on March 30, 2021, scientists and technicians working on the project believe the telescope will yield significant insights into the universe.

Unlike the Hubble Space Telescope, the James Webb Telescope will go beyond Earth’s moon to the coldest, darkest places of the universe to answer questions. These questions from scientists range from the exact nature of dark matter to the formation and collision of infant galaxies. Webb is planned to go to the L2 point — the opposite side of Earth not facing the sun, and once it is in position, it will then observe the near- and middle-infrared areas of the galaxy in hopes of capturing very first stars in the universe. Of course, to monitor these different areas of the galaxy, it will need special equipment; and Lenox Laser is happy to assist.

Picture courtesy of NASA

Lenox Laser is honored to have provided the James Webb telescope with precision alignment targets for its mid-infrared instrument (MIRI). As the founder of Lenox Laser, Joe D’Entremont was even invited to see this process firsthand. Lenox Laser wishes the James Webb mission a very prosperous and successful journey.

With the launch of Webb on March 30, 2021, we look forward to seeing the incredible findings of the telescope. To find out more about the James Webb and other space missions, please visit the NASA or read our blog NASA series at Lenox Laser.

Richard Johnson: Pinhole Photographer

Pinhole photography and black-and-white photographs can be a perfect marriage of aesthetic style and simplistic beauty. After over 44 years chasing this passion, nobody knows that better than pinhole photographer Richard A. Johnson. Richard explained his passion in 2012 in a speech called “A Journey into the World of Pinhole Photography” at Lenox Laser’s 3rd Light Seminar. The world through those lenses provided by Lenox Laser was and still is an unbelievably fascinating thing.

In Richard’s experience, he would travel throughout the West Coast, looking for what he would call the “land of enchantment”. Richard described these places as locations where the meaning of “land of enchantment” would take on an almost tangible feeling, ameliorating the appearance of world around him. Out of all of the beauties of nature captured through those lenses, none compared to his time in New Mexico with “The White Place”.

Photograph courtesy of Richard Johnson

One of Richard’s favorite structures in New Mexico to shoot was known as “The White Place” in Plaza Blanco: Upon traveling the West Coast, he came to these massive, white towers of stone with only a 5 x 7 Lenox-Laser-pinhole camera — an idea that made Richard nervous. The reason for the nervousness ranged from the possibility of light leaks to the holder not seated right in the camera. Despite the potential problems, the towering beauty of the natural stone structures captured by the Kodak T-max 100 film rivaled any 500-foot-tall building or structure. After a one day visit to this majestic place, he knew that in time he would have to return to see its epic beauty once again.

Lenox Laser was thrilled and honored to be part of Richard a Johnson’s photographic journey by letting us into his world by modifying a pinhole camera for him. It was also tremendous of him to give such a rousing speech with such passion at Lenox Laser.

To get started with pinhole photography, check out DayStar Laser.

To learn more about his craft, please visit his speech or his website

PDA Europe 2020: In-Review

Lenox Laser would like to thank all the parties involved in putting together the 2020 PDA event in Basel, Switzerland on February 25–28. We are so grateful for again being invited to take part in such a tremendous and informative gathering of great minds. Along with Tom and Rachel Hoffman, Greg Solyar represented Lenox Laser with an enthralling lecture.

Lenox Laser meeting with DDL
Lenox Laser meeting with Lighthouse

The event was filled with a rich variety of talks and lectures all about Parenteral Packaging. Representatives and speakers covered various sub-topics such as biopharmaceutical challenges with gene therapy, container closure integrity testing, and pharmaceutical safety measures. Greg had the opportunity to talk about a sub–field of the pharmaceutical industry: With his talk “Producing a Calibrated Leak Standard With Laser Assisted Technology”, he details how lasers can complement Container Closure Integrity Testing (CCIT). Talents were shown, knowledge were grown, and even lives have been saved because of the interest and the passion of these people.

It was truly an honor and privilege to be among all of the talent of on display at PDA 2020. We at Lenox Laser would like thank everyone involved for their time and interest.

Next from Lenox Laser, we will be attending the Interphex 2020 technical conference at the Javits Center in New York City on April 28-30. The conference will feature a keynote speaker series entitled “Pharmaceutical Technology”. The series will cover such topics as the commercialization challenges for selling gene therapy, GMP’s and creating a quality culture, and standardizing tech transfer and opportunities in accelerating drug development lifecycle. We would love to see you all there!

Dirk Fletcher: Pinhole Photography

In 1888, the Kodak Corporation established the phrase “You press the button, we do the rest” – leading to the beginning of photography as a hobby for the average American. Interestingly, the Kodak name was born for the sound the shutter of the camera would make, trying to mimic the word Kodak.  Finally, the power to capture clear frames of time was attainable. Still, some – like Dirk Fletcher – strived to redefine what a picture was. From an early age, Dirk altered his father’s cameras to mimic the rise of pinhole cameras. Light passing through a camera’s aperture produced an inverted image expanded the realm of photography. What is now its own subfield of photography started with a deviant trend among photographers to use lower quality cameras for capturing moments.

Despite all the advancements made in photography in recent history, such as the ability to capture 4k photos, Dirk stated people were attracted to the idea of using lo-fi cameras. Such low-quality cameras not only presented a challenge for everyone but also created different results: Out-of-focus, sun-flared, and pronounced vignette photos captured the eyes of not only amateurs but professional photographers as well. Even with cheap Russian knock-offs, the lo-fi photography following exploded not only on social media but also on the commercial market; stores in places like New York and San Francisco stocked their shelves with less-than-average cameras for sale. This astonishing development influenced Dirk and others explore more different methods for capturing moments. With his father’s old cameras, Dirk delved into pinhole photography. 

Dirk stated that his fascination with photography really began with his father developing photos in a dark room on paper and film negatives. From that time forward, he would explore multiple outlets to expand his knowledge of pinhole photography, but a lot of his knowledge came from first-hand experience, such as Dirk’s time with the Fuji 300, a modified Polaroid 200 with adjustable lenses for optimum quality of images. In the present, he found that modern cameras, such as Canon’s DSLRs, for pinhole photography gave the photographer a few advantages over previous models: Faster capturing and digitally inverting the image led to not only better photos but an overall better experience for most users. With modern technology, pinhole photography is now more popular and easier than ever before.                 Pinhole photography has become an ever-growing art form among photographers all over the world. It is, in a sense, a way for photographs to keep up with the “motion” of a person’s endless imagination. To learn more about pinhole photography and Dirk Fletcher please visit Dirk Fletcher’s website or his talk at Lenox here. If you need pinhole caps for your camera, you can find some here.

Reminder: PDA Europe 2020

As a final reminder, Lenox Laser will be in attendance for the 2020 PDA parental packaging conference and events on February 25th, represented by Lenox Laser’s Tom Hoffman and Greg Solyar. The conference itself will take place on February 25th through the 28th in beautiful Basel, Switzerland. Both of our representatives could not be more pleased to be there and answer any questions one may have.

Both Tom Hoffman and Greg Solyar will be on hand for the lectures and be attending the conference. Lectures at this conference will focus on container closure development, container closure integrity testing (CCIT), and parenteral packaging. The parenteral packaging conference will take place on February 25th and 26th. It will talk about ensuring safety and efficiency to the patient’s, case studies with the latest techniques, and packaging implementations for things like biopharmaceuticals and the challenges of gene therapy with CCIT.

We, at Lenox Laser, cannot wait to see the new insights from this fantastic event and hope those attending will enjoy it.

Steven Sasson, Inventor of the First Digital Camera

Today, humanity lives in the throes of a digital world that is evolving at a rapid pace – everything from streaming to gaming and especially digital photography. We often capture meaningful moments through the use of photos – a frozen reminder of one’s memories. Some, like Steven J. Sasson, possess the passion for capturing such instances. Mr. Sasson’s interest led to the origin of the modern camera as we know it today. In his speech “Disruptive Innovation – The Story of the First Digital Camera,” he begins with a morning in the 1970s at the headquarters of Kodak.

The idea of the digital camera, as Mr. Sasson would express in his speech – that at the time of the early 1970s – was a pipe dream. Mr. Sasson joined Eastman Kodak in 1973. However, the team did not have the budget to complete the goal, so Sasson and his team of electrical engineers used top-secret devices and tests like Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) and National Television System Committee (NTSC) TVs. The first completed prototype was comprised of only five parts and weighed 8 pounds. With the help of analog-to-digital converters, massive flat space, and even the earliest cameras, the playback system of NTSC TVs allowed the team to see results in 1975. Despite the completion of one prototype, the secrecy of this project had to be maintained; Sasson emphasized how ahead of his time the project was.

The first major meeting of minds took place in front of Kodak in 1977 and was a success to the point of being given a patent. The first professional commercial camera was released in 1989. Apple would even join the market in 1994 – asking for digital cameras from Kodak. It’s inspiring to think that our biggest failures at times can lead to innovation beyond our wildest dreams.

We hope you’ve enjoyed this look into the 3rd light seminar held at Lenox Laser; we were incredibly proud to host and be a part of it. May innovation and knowledge continue to give humanity a positive boost into the future.

Dr. John C Mather’s History of the Universe in a Nutshell: From the Big Bang to Life and the End of Time

Scientists have been studying the beginnings of humankind, Earth, and all other bodies within space because an understanding of the past can help predict the future. In 2006, Dr. John C. Mather – the Nobel laureate – improved our understanding of the Big Bang Theory and, therefore, our knowledge of us and the universe. Following his success as a physicist in October 2011, he came to Lenox Laser’s 30th anniversary as a keynote speaker. His speech – titled “History of the Universe in a Nutshell: From the Big Bang to Life and the End of Time” – outlined not only his work with understanding the beginning of life but also predictions for the end.

In the speech, Dr. Mather discussed how scientists for the past 100 years have been debating and discussing the origins of the universe, all-around one fact – the ever expansion of space. Edwin Hubble, in 1929, published his finding of the universe growing. There was, however, still the question of how this could be. At Bell Labs in 1965, they predicted that the universe was bouncing from cold to hot to facilitate the growth of new stars, planets, and more. An ever-expanding universe, as theorized by Dr. Mather, could lead to the merging of Earth and our Sun within a billion years’ time – meaning humans could no longer inhabit the burning worlds. This led to the theory that is accepted today by relevant scientists – the Big Bang Theory – and to Dr. Mather’s work and Nobel Prize.

To test the validity of the Big Bang Theory, Dr. Mather set out to make a satellite that would measure cosmic heat and light in the oldest galaxies. A comparison to the predictions as a result of the Big Bang matched with the measurements found by Dr. Mather and his team. Even Stephen Hawking proclaimed it as one of the most important discoveries of the century, if not all time. With Hawking’s endorsement and the results of their discovery, Dr. Mather and colleges won the Nobel Prize and led the path for more scientists to explore the Big Bang further.

Another advancement constructed by Dr. Mather and his team is the James Webb telescope. His reason for building a massive telescope is to see the formation of new galaxies to support the Big Bang Theory further. Dr. Mather’s team plans on making it be close to Earth, block out the Sun’s rays, and to be big enough to see far out enough to see the beginnings of new stars. At the time of Dr. Mather’s speech it is theorized that it would be completed in 2018; it was completed and fully assembled for the first time in August 2019.

We at Lenox Laser were privileged to have Dr. Mather give the speech on the Big Bang and the end of time. You can see Dr. Mather’s full lecture at the International Institute of Optics website and check out our blog about the James Webb telescope as well as the NASA website.

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